Geography – Climate Change Essay

Title: Compare and contrast the contributing factors of climate change and argue that there is a need for more economically developed nations to take the lead. Nations around the world have been contributing to climate change by damaging natural environments and releasing greenhouse gases and there is a need for more economically developed nations. There are different contributing factor, but the majority of these contributions are from the more economically developed nations.

Although the less economically developed nations do not contribute as much as the More economically developed nations, they are the ones that are affected the most. More economically developed nations are not affected as much because they have enough resources to supply themselves, which reduces the impact. Most of the less economically developed nations lacked these resources and they needed them from the more economically developed nations. The more economically developed nations are contributing more in comparison to less economically developed nations in climate change so they should have the most responsibility.

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Diagram 1 illustrates the carbon dioxide (greenhouse gas) emission in different nations around the world and showed that most of the more economically developed nations emits more than the less economically developed nations. “…during the past two centuries, [pic]developed countries have made excess emissions of greenhouse gases…” (1) Every nation in the world emits greenhouse gases, but most of the More economically developed nations excess their emission of greenhouse gases and according to the United Nations, the greenhouse gas emission by the More economically developed nations is still increasing (2).

Another contributing factor to climate change is the clearing of forests and more economically developed nations also contribute more in this. Due to the economic development and urbanisation in more economically developed nations, nations would have to clear out the forests for urban areas and supplies (e. g. paper). The growth of population also forces nations to clear the forests for agricultural lands. These evidences do not mean that More economically developed nations is causing climate change and should have full esponsibility because the less economically developed nations also contributed in climate change, but since the More economically developed nations played a more important role in contributing to climate change, they should take the lead and have more responsibility. Even though the less economically developed nations do not emit as much carbon dioxide as the More economically developed nations, they suffered a lot more. A drought that is thought to be caused by climate change in less economically developed nations such as Ethiopia, would cause famines and result in up to million deaths (3).

But if a drought occurs in a MEDC such as Australia, there is no major effect other than some production loss (4). This is because Australia and other more economically developed nations have enough resources to overcome these hazards, but most of the more economically developed nations do not have these spare resources that allow them to deal with the threats or hazards from climate change. Another reason that also made less economically developed nations suffer more is its problems within the nations.

Most of the less economically developed nations have problems such as wars or famine, which worsen the situation when climate change is affecting the nation. Climate change can also cause other hazards. Just like the drought, less economically developed nations will not be capable to overcome these hazards, so they needed aid from other nations. Hence, more economically developed nations’ lead in helping less economically developed nations to survive climate change is essential.

Although more economically developed nations are contributing to climate change the most, actually its impact and contributions in the world can also help other nations to survive climate change and it could benefit the nations themselves. For example, cutting off 20% of carbon emissions from more economically developed nations such as United States of America would be more effective than cutting off less economically developed nations’ such as Nigeria.

This is not just because more economically developed nations have more carbon emission and should have more responsibility; it is also about the future of these developed nations. Even if the more economically developed nations do not help the less economically developed nations, the effects of climate change will still affect the developed nations. More importantly, the less economically developed nations’ economic impact to the world from climate change will have some amount of impacts to the more economically developed nations.

So by taking the lead and help the less economically developed nations to survive in climate change, more economically developed nations can economically benefits Overall, all the nations are contributing to climate change and all of them should have a responsibility. In contrast, more economically developed nations contributes more to climate change than less economically developed nations does but unfortunately less economically developed nations are facing more problems from the climate change.

Therefore more economically developed nations should take more responsibility so that the less economically developed nations will not suffer as bad and should also take the lead, helping the all other nations in the world to survive in climate change. References 1) http://www. thaindian. com/newsportal/enviornment/china-urges-developed-countries-to-do-more-on-climate-change_100173986. html 2) http://unfccc. int/files/essential_background/background_publications_htmlpdf/application/pdf/ghg_table_06. pdf 3) http://gbgm-umc. org/umcor/00/eth4. stm ) http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Drought_in_Australia 5) http://www. xinhua. org Bibliography • http://www. gcrio. org/ipcc/qa/04. html • http://www. aph. gov. au/library/pubs/ClimateChange/whyClimate/factors. htm • http://www. torfaen. gov. uk/EnvironmentAndPlanning/EnergyEfficiencyAdviceAndAssessment/ClimateChange/NaturalOrManmade. aspx • http://answers. yahoo. com/question/index? qid=20090628062703AAaJKtM • http://www. google. com. au • http://www. nationmaster. com ———————– Diagram 1 Global carbon dioxide emission in 2003 Zoomed Key: