Each prophet, at a young age, received a divine revelation and left home in hopes of revealing their message to the world. These revelations, or “phenomenon whereby a supra human, or supernatural, communication is transferred from the Divine to human kind,” would ultimately become the final goal of each of these religious figures (Beki, 192). Zoroaster left his home in Iran at the age of twenty after receiving a divine message from the angels of God. He traveled as far as China and India trying to find those who would accept his message (Quinn 107).
Muhammad also received a divine message from the angel Gabriel while fasting in a mountain cave. Unable to find followers in Mecca, Muhammad traveled to Medina in order to spread his message (Najmi 10). Jesus never experienced revelations similar to those of Zoroaster and Muhammad. Instead, he referred to himself as being the final revelation of God to man. In order to demonstrate this revelation, he also left home early in his life and traveled throughout modern-day Israel teaching his message (Eve 27).
These three prophets eventually traveled away from home because another common thread between their lives is their fulfillment of Christ’s words that “a prophet is not honored in his hometown. He doesn’t receive any honor in his own home” (NIV, Matt. 13:57). Each prophet faced persecution within their own homeland. Zoroaster, after frightening the population of his home town at his birth, also made enemies with the civil and religions authorities of his hometown. These Kavis and Karpans tried on many occasions to murder Zoroaster, but were never successful (Hambartsumian 32).
Muhammad faced similar hostilities in his homeland. At times, “in the nearby town of Taif, that a hostile mob of children, encouraged by their elders who were angered by Muhammad’s preaching to them, attacked Muhammad with stones” (Farrukh, 10). Muhammad and his followers were constantly in danger when they remained in Mecca. Many of his followers were torture or killed. Muhammad eventually led of migration of his followers from Mecca to Medina. This migration, known as the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar (Najmi 10).
Like the Kavis and Karpans who opposed Zoroaster, Jesus faced opposition from the scribes and the Pharisees, or the civil and religious authorities of his day. At one point during his ministry, Jesus returned to Galilee to preach to the people who had already refused to hear his message. During his message to the city, Jesus angered the crowd who then carried him outside the city to kill him, “but he, passing through the midst of them, went his way” (NIV, Luke 4: 30). Both Jesus and Zoroaster have similar experiences driving these unscrupulous civil and religious authorities out of the temples.
The two prophets, angered by the illegitimate practices of the religious leaders within the temple, angrily drive the offenders by force from within the temple. While the actions presented by Jesus and Zoroaster were similar, their motivations for these actions were not all together different either. Zoroaster was angered by the Kavis and the Karpans because they were manipulating the power of God through false presentation in order to benefit monetarily for these deceptions. Zoroaster was strictly against the use of bartering for gaining power using the name of God.
Jesus was angered by the money changers in the temple who were running a corrupt business. Jesus chased the men from the temple because they were dishonoring God through their business practices (Choksy 417). Throughout the course of their teachings Zoroaster and Jesus also performed numerous miracles. While the authenticity of Jesus’s miracles is widely accepted throughout the Christian faith, Zoroaster’s miracles are questioned by his followers and are thought to have been added after Zoroaster’s death because Zoroaster’s teaching are in opposition to such displays (412).
Jesus’s miracles encompass a vast number of phenomenal events. The Gospels of the New Testament are filled with examples of Jesus raising the dead, performing exorcisms, and healing people from infirmities such a blindness, paralysis, and leprosy. Jesus also performed a number of miracles seemingly only as displays of power. During a wedding festival, Jesus turned several large vats of water into wine. He also displayed his power calming a massive storm and, later, walking on water (Eve 35).