Political concerns: There would be negative public reaction to female causalities in wartime that greatly exceed response to male deaths. Physical concerns: the most obvious concern regarding women in combat situation is the fact that, on average, female soldiers do not posses as great physical strength and stamina as their male counterparts. The female skeletal system is also less dense and more prone to breakages. Moreover, in aviation, the female body is not as adept at handling the increased gravitational forces experienced by combat pilots.
Further more, health issues regarding women currently prevent the vast majority of submarine services from accepting women. It is everyone’s belief, including women’s, that the physical standards for Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) should be identical for both men and women. Equipment and survival gear carried by today’s combat soldiers, including electronic weapons and ammunition, satellite communication devices, batteries, and water weigh 50-100 pounds: a burden that is just as heavy as loads carried by Roman legionnaires in the days of Julius Caesar.
Modern body armor alone weighs 25 pounds. This weight is proportionately more difficult to carry by female soldiers who are, on average, shorter and smaller than men, with 45-50% less upper body strength and 25-30% less aerobic capacity, which is essential for endurance. Even in current non-combat training, women suffer debilitating bone stress fractures and other injuries at rates double those of men. In other words, an enormous well-documented evidence produced by physiologists in the U. S. and Britain, suggest that in close combat women do not have an “equal opportunity” to survive, or to help fellow soldiers survive.
Every attempt since the 1970s to establish single standards for men and women, commensurate with the demands of actual combat, has been discontinued or rendered meaningless due to political pressures from feminists and allies who demand that standards be adjusted, or gender-normed, so that female trainees can “succeed. ” In various types of training, “equal effort” is equated with “equal results,” and group evaluations substitute for individual achievement scores.
In some forms of physical training events that are more difficult for women are dropped in order to make training more “fair. ” The resulting regimen is described as “equal” between men and women, even though it is less demanding for the men. Only a few female trainees are able to perform in physically demanding events at the same levels as average males, but policies must be based on the majority of average soldiers, not the exceptional few. Psychological Concerns: The disruption of combat units’ espirit de corps is another reason for women to be banned from front-line combat situations.
The effectiveness of the military hinges on cohesion: every member must completely trust and respect one another. Many soldiers have stated that they could not trust a woman to perform her duties in a place where trusting your fellow soldier would be exceedingly critical. In order to maintain cohesion, experts agree that all members of the military must be treated equally. A standard must be maintained to make every member feel as if he/she is part of one single unit.
Secondary concern is that romantic relationships between men and women on front lines could disrupt a unit’s fighting capability and a high number of women may deliberately become pregnant in order to escape combat duties. There is high risk of women being captured and tortured, possibly sexually assaulted. Relatively little is known about the proclivity of military personnel to engage in substance use during deployments that do not include direct combat, even though such use has negative implications for military readiness and the safety of personnel.
Using data from the 1995 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors Among Military Personnel, regression models, controlling for socio-demographic factors, showed higher rates of heavy alcohol use among deployed women and men than among those not deployed. This relationship was particularly notable for women: Those deployed were almost 3 times more likely than their nondeployed counterparts to report heavy alcohol use.