The war that had been going on in the country certainly affected the situation of women to a great extent. After the removal of Saddam Husain regime, the women community had at last taken a breath of relief. They could now hope a new level of freedom from the discrimination and poverty they faced in the different realms of society. But after the removal of Saddam Husain and his Ba’ath regime, with the help of United States and its forces, the women of Iraq have soon learned that Americans are yet not the last harbingers of freedom that could help them to break the shackles of discrimination.
All what has been promised after the downfall of Saddam Husain needed time for implementation and above all, providing immediate attention the Iraqi women and their rights was not the major concern for the new government that has been formed with the aid of United States. IRAQI KURDISTAN In the northern region of Iraq, Kurdistan, the autonomous government promoted a number of liberal rights for the women in the last 15 years, thereby allowing women to grow professionally within the society.
However, there is a still huge population of people in Kurdistan that considers women as inferior in the society. The bottom up society is still facing challenges with women liberalization issues in Kurdistan. However, as also noted above the Kurdish government had brought out a number of laws for women freedom. The Penal code that was introduced by Saddam Husain with regard to the Honor killing and female circumcision of women was demolished in Kurdistan, however, the Kurdish government has not done enough just by abolishing the law in the region.
It needs to implement these rules so as to empower women into a free and equally minded society. After the 2003 war, Kurdistan was the most positively affected area since the affect of the local Islamic non liberal groups such as Wahabi groups, Ansar al Islam and the Islamic Group of Ali Bapir were thrown out of power by the United States army. Under the rule of these radical elementary groups in Kurdistan, the local female population was forced to wear Burqas, do not watch television and stop going to school.
When American and Kurdish troops sent the Islamist radicals fleeing for the border, the village women shed a few layers of clothing, while the men shaved the beards they had been forced to grow. Furthermore, they are working to create links and share ideas with women in the rest of Iraq. The autonomous government of Kurdistan – has shown a number of liberal advances for the female population since the government came into power in 1991.
The government opened doors for the entry of women into the judiciary system, and according to the records that existed before the war, there were a number of high ranking females as judges in Kurdistan. The skill and the ability of women that was presented within the society during the Kurdistan government from 1991 till the beginning of the war, was indeed considered as valuable in the structuring of the Interim Iraqi government with the help of the United nations Envoy, Brahimi. This interim government came into power after the ousted of Saddam Husain on July 1st 2004.
For example, the formation of the interim government included Ms. Nasreen Barwari, as the Iraqi Minister for Public transport and development department, and Ms. Narmin Othman, was given the portfolio of Minister of State for Women. A large number of women organizations that existed in Iraq, prior to the war, were in the Kurdish region, and the autonomous Kurdish government had at times very supportive to these organizations. The government had also allowed the women to work for themselves which was relatively a bold step in Islamic culture.