History of Sweden

Sweden is part of the Scandinavian region in Europe that has a unique and rich history and culture. Olaf Skottkonung was the first head of Sweden who became a Christian in the 11th century. After several years, Denmark, Sweden and Norway have been pushed to become a unified nation. This attempt consequently resulted to a bloody conflict between the Swedes and the Dames. During the reign of Gustavus Vasa, Sweden departed from Denmark and formed a new Swedish state.

Vasa used the teachings of Martin Luther to justify his actions and the Lutheran beliefs were also widely accepted because of the encouragement of the monarchy. More so, during the period of the Thirty Year’s War from 1618 to 1648, Sweden made significant accomplishments including territorial and power expansion. Sweden acquired western Pomerania and other countries in the Baltic but in 1700 Sweden was forced to give up some of their territories because of the Peace of Nystad. Furthermore, in the Napoleonic wars, Sweden took Norway from Denmark but the union of the two nations was quick and hasty.

From then on, Sweden maintained a neutral status specifically in the two world wars (Infoplease. com, 2007, “Sweden”). In 1936, Sweden adapted a Socialist form of governance where they introduced “housing, public health and job security programs” that helped a lot of Swedish people. By 1976, the socialist government collapsed due to the electoral victory of Thorbjorn Falldin. However, the Socialists took the seat of power again in 1982. But in 1986, the elected Socialist Prime Minister Olof Palme was killed and in the 1991 elections, Socialist Democrats were dethroned.

The Socialist Democrats were able to bounce back as the new majority in 1994 after being in the opposition for three years. In the span of six decades, the “center-left Social Democrats” dominated the Swedish government. But the victory of Fredrik Reinfeldt, a member of the center-right alliance, in 2006 have completely altered the traditional dynamics of Swedish politics (Infoplease. com, 2007, “Sweden”).


Infoplease. com. (2007). Sweden. Retrieved April 16, 2008 from, http://www. infoplease. com/ipa/A0108008. html