Solar energy can drive down energy costs while increasing energy yield, according to sustainable energy. com (2008). Solar energy can be exploited in three main forms: solar thermal, photovoltaic energy and passive solar. All the forms derive their applications from the sun. Solar energy is very environment-friendly, but the cost of solar energy generation is very high. Conclusion A combination of all the above energy sources in appropriate proportions is the way forward to providing a sustainable energy resource base for Belina.
This will ensure that the energy produced is both sufficient and reliable. However, care should be taken to ensure that resources are used in a sustainable manner. This can be done by adopting appropriate technologies in exploitation of each of the energy types. The following are ways through which the various sources of energy can be combined in a sustainable manner. Recommendations for Sustainable energy mix for Belina As seen from the above discussion, all the various forms of energy have their advantages and disadvantages.
As such, we cannot say that a particular energy source is better than the other, but how that energy is utilized makes the difference. Therefore, energy choices need to be adopted to enhance development in a sustainable manner. The concept of sustainable development has gained interest in the recent past. Sustainable development is defined as development that meets the defined as development that meets the needs of the current generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
Sustainable use of Coal It has been established that using coal in a manner that significantly reduces CO2 emission is a better economic solution than switching to gas, at prevailing gas-coal price ratios and levels of CO2 restrictions. In addition, there is a need to establish CO2 storage sites both onshore and offshore. Finally, the adoption of legally binding measures to regulate CO2 emissions per unit of energy produced will also help to achieve sustainable coal utilization.
Sustainable use of nuclear energy In order to have a sustainable nuclear energy for the future of Belina, there is need for improvement in fuel behavior, risk informed regulation, steady safety improvements and improved plant designs. Additionally, the adoption of a closed life cycle whereby the irradiated fuel is reprocessed, and its constituent elements separated into streams to be recycled into a reactor or disposed of in appropriate waste forms, will improve sustainability of nuclear energy use.
These measures will minimize waste volumes and radiotoxicity, while at the same time increasing energy production. Emphasis should however be placed on renewable sources because of they are relatively cleaner and regenerative in nature. Sustainable use of renewable energy sources Renewable energy sources could make a significant contribution to the Belina’s energy balance to add up to the traditional energy sources. However, development of renewable energy sources is very slow, especially regarding the technology required.
This is more so in developing countries. There is a general positive attitude towards their uses are changing. The fact that many renewable technologies need minimal effort to become competitive further justifies their use in Belina. The way forward in exploiting renewable sources should be based on adopting new technologies that will exploit methane gas from livestock production, agro-industrial effluents and sewage treatment. This is in line with reducing methane emissions on environmental grounds.
The technical potential offered by renewable energy, wind and solar energy is huge, and these resources should be used for development in Belina.
Commission of the European Communities. (1997) Sustainable power generation from fossil fuels: aiming for near-zero emissions from coal after 2020. Retrieved 7th Dec 2008 from http://ec. europa. eu/energy/energy_policy/doc/16_communication_fossil_fuels_en. pdf European Commission. (1997) Energy for the future: Renewable sources of energy. Retrieved 7th, http://ec.europa.eu/energy/library/599fi_en.pdf”>http://ec.europa.eu/energy/library/599fi_en.pdf.