Anthony suffered a personal setback when the American Equal Rights Association voted for the 15th Amendment to the Constitution granting African American men suffrage and leaving women out. She questioned why African Americans were not of women’s voting rights. From then on, Susan B. Anthony dedicated herself almost exclusively to the struggle for women’s rights. She was arrested for voting illegally in the presidential election held in 1872.
Despite giving emotive and eloquent arguments that the Fourteenth Amendment gave females the right to vote in federal elections, she was handed a fine which she vowed to never pay. True to her word, Susan Anthony never paid the penalty. Her trial gave her the chance to spread her point of view and arguments to a wider American audience than ever before. (Boller 23) Anthony went abroad and visited various charitable organizations in Europe in 1893. National Women’s Suffrage Association (NWSA) Together with a long time friend and colleague, Susan founded the National Women’s Suffrage Association in 1869.
She became the vice president at its inception, a post she held until she became the president in1892. Her numerous attempts to bring together women in the labor movement with her cause were not very successful. She was even expelled from the National Labor Union for encouraging women to attain economic independence by taking jobs of the men who were on strike at the time. Her organization would controversially merge with a more moderate American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) to create the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA).
Susan Anthony, together with other colleagues, published a book titled ‘The History of Woman Suffrage’. Death and after Susan B. Anthony passed away because of pneumonia and heart failure at her house in Rochester, New York on 13th March, 1906. Her women suffrage dream was realized fifteen years after her death. The passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920 gave women the right to vote. She was honored with the first American woman circulating United States coinage. The Susan B.
Anthony dollar with her appearance was minted in 1979, 1981, 1980, and 1999. Her house in Rochester was acknowledged as a National Historic Landmark and is operated as a museum. (Baker 13)
Baker, Jean H. Sisters: The Lives of America’s Suffragists. Hill and Wang, New York, 2005. Blackwell, Alice Stone. Lucy Stone: Pioneer of Woman’s Rights. Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, 2001, p. 101. Boller, Paul F. , Jr. “Presidential Campaigns. ” Oxford University Press, 1984. Hays, Elinor Rice.
Morning Star: A Biography of Lucy Stone 1818–1893. Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961, p. 88 Miller, William Lee. Arguing About Slavery. John Quincy Adams and the Great Battle in the United States Congress. Vintage Books. (1995) Mobley, Kendal. “Susan B. Anthony and Helen Barrett Montgomery: An Intergenerational Feminist Partnership”. Baptist History & Heritage 2005. Patriot, Ledger. Role model: Susan B. Anthony to come to life The Patriot Ledger: City Edition. Quincy, MA. 1 March 2006 Rice, Mark. Susan B. Anthony. Retrieved on 23rd July 2009 from susanbanthonyhouse.org/her-story/biography.