Definition and Importance of Surveillance Technology

Surveillance Technology is getting increasingly popular across the world and can even be found in small retail stores, schools, offices, airport terminals, gas stations and numerous profit-making locations in different areas. The importance of Surveillance Technology should not be under-emphasized because security is one of the major issues that most businesses and countries face today. It can make or break an entity if proper care is not taken. Technology keeps expanding and improving at a rapid pace in a bid to keep up with the pace of malicious intents of people and attacks on our societies today.

This technology could be in the form of wiretapping, internet equipment, facial feature recognition computers, the use of biometrics and so on. Surveillance Technology is necessary for the protection of people, lives and property because it helps to dissuade miscreants from committing crime. Reports shown that the tendency of committing crime when someone is looking is greatly reduced. Surveillance Technology has the capability of providing evidence to police at crime scenes and helps to facilitate the apprehension and prosecution of criminals (Munro). Surveillance equipment is useful in many areas.

They are used in parking garages, financial institutions, and shopping malls to reduce theft and terrorist activities. Theft affects the revenue generated by companies just the same way terrorism has a negative effect on the revenue generated by countries through foreign investments and tourism. Through surveillance technology, companies are also able to get rid of internal staffs that are disloyal to the organization and possibly prosecute them. They also help to save costs by reducing fraud. Surveillance Technology Systems can identify, monitor and record movements of persons and data across different platforms.

There are many benefits associated with the introduction of surveillance technology systems. Recent advances in information and communication technologies are now available that allow the development of local and international networks that enable users from all across the world to share, transmit, and amass all kinds of data. These international exchanges may either be private, professional, commercial or industrial and are definitely increasing amongst businesses and thus necessitate the need for data security and protection on a large scale (Bogonikolos).

In the context of terrorism, an exhaustive, comprehensive and all-round strategy has to be developed for combating it. Terrorism usually occurs after well-designed and well-staged plans that require as much ground work and investigation as possible have been organized. Surveillance Technologies can help to identify terrorist activities on time and save millions of lives from being destroyed at whim (Bogonikolos). History of Surveillance Technology The advent of the internet has given rise to privacy concerns. Governments are now dedicating their resources and time to restrict the free flow of information.

They are also trying to promote technologies that will be able to decipher and access private information. Softwares that contain encryption capabilities, technology features are being discouraged. This is because they would allow users to scramble information and this makes it difficult or almost impossible for information to be deciphered. Efforts are also being made to ensure that telecommunication companies use equipment that contain wire tapping capabilities in order to listen to suspicious conversations all over the world.

Strategies adopted to facilitate this also include trying to decipher any communication that was intercepted by intelligence authorities (Bogonikolos). They have tried to discourage the spread of technologies like cryptography and others security measures that reduce their abilities to investigate crime or possible terrorist activities (Bogonikolos). Another part of the strategy involves ensuring that law enforcement agencies can understand all the information they intercept from suspicious sources. These attempts have not been successful, however.

Most countries are not really inclined towards stopping the development of cryptographic technologies (Bogonikolos). Cryptographic Technologies have contributed a lot to the encryption of information and disguising the sources of a particular data set. Surveillance involves the supervision, investigation and monitoring of the actions, correspondences and communications of one or more persons. Traditionally, it was achieved physically. For example, the use of security guards to protect a household or environment. As technological innovations became rampant, binoculars and satellite cameras were introduced (Bogonikolos).