International Relations’ is a separate academic discipline relating to public policy. This is derived form a brand of political science and tends to deal with the specific aspect of the relations formed between different political states and their foreign policies, infrastructure of communication, trade, diplomatic correlation as well as the roles of the international organizations as well as the non profit organization in these countries.
The nature of international relations can be with positive of normative due to the fact that it strives to analyze and define foreign policy. The different types of controversial issues that exist in the field of international relations in the world pertain to political issues, economy based issues, social issues and cultural issues. One of the most important forms of political issues that have come about recently in a very alarming manner has been the issue pertaining to terrorism.
Terrorism is basically the use of violence to achieve political and personal goals where the other party is targeted to mass levels of disturbance and destruction. This is usually performed by spreading mass fear and hysteria. In the recent years this has become a common form of tactic for small independence seeking movements and guerilla groups. The articles that have been found pertaining to terrorism as an international issue includes ‘Governing Terrorism through Risk: Taking Precautions (un) Knowing the Future.
’ By Aradau & Van Munster (2007), the ‘Cities, War, and Terrorism: Towards an Urban Geopolitics’ by Waisova (2007) and ‘Liberal empire’ by Bishai (2004). The economic issue that is facing most countries in the developing part of the world pertains to lack of economic growth. Economic growth is basically the overall growth of the economy in terms of improvement in the standards of living, increase in GDP and GNP.
For this purpose the developing countries can be seen partnering and forming strategic partnerships with the developed states top provide a willing hard working labor resource of labor to the developed countries which can earn and send foreign exchange back to the developed country for economic growth. The articles found pertaining to the issue of economic growth include ‘Foreign Economic Liberalization and Peace: The Case of Sub-Saharan Africa’ by Bussmann, Schneider & Wiesehomeier (2005), ‘Slovenian Innovation Policy: Underexploited Potential for Growth’ by
Bucar and Stare (2002), and ‘Why Engage? China and the Logic of Communicative Engagement’ by Lynch (2002). The social issue taken up in this paper is that pertaining to lack of education and literacy in the international states. Literacy is described as the ability to read, write and understand the complexities of everyday life while being able to do simple mathematical calculations as well.
The articles found pertaining to the issue of lack of literacy include ‘Bridging the Gap: IR, Middle East Studies and the Disciplinary Politics of the Area Studies Controversy’ by Teti (2007), ‘International Socialization in the New Europe: Rational Action in an Institutional Environment’ by Schimmelfennig (2000), and ‘Constructivism: The Limits of Bridging Gaps’ by Wiener (2003). The cultural issue that is discussed in this paper is that which is highly significant in the global state of today’s world. This issue pertains to ethnicity and diversity.
Ethnicity is the automatic grouping of people based on their cultural traditions, history, customs and religions as well as their place of origin. The specific articles that have been found addressing the issue of diversity and ethic tolerance and respect include ‘Identity and Conflict: Ties that Bind and Differences that Divide’ by Gartzke & Gleditsch (2006), ‘The Contractual Role of Boundaries: Law and Economics Meets International Organization’ by Yarbrough & Yarbrough (2003) and ‘Mainstreaming Gender in Global Governance’ by Hanfer-Burton & Pollack (2002).
1. Aradau, Claudia, and Rens, van Munster, “Governing Terrorism through Risk: Taking Precautions, (un)Knowing the Future”, European Journal of International Relations, (2007), Vol. 13 Issue 1, p89-115, 27p, Ebscohost.