Susan Brownell Anthony

Susan Brownell Anthony was born of a Quaker family in Adams, Massachusetts on 15 February 1820. Her father, Daniel Anthony used to work against the slave trade and was a cotton manufacturer by the profession. She belonged to an educated family and was sent to her father’s school for her early education and then to Philadelphia Boarding School. Soon she was impressed by the profession and started teaching at Rochester, New York, where she advocated for women teachers and students.

Then she started working as an Abolitionist and merged with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Amelia Bloomer in holding campaigns for women rights that included equal-work-equal-pay and women’s suffrage. Anthony was also an active agent for Anti-Slavery Movement and campaign for prohibition. She freed up many slaves and helped them to set up their lives again in every possible way. She also helped them to escape when there is no other solution to it. During the days of American Civil War, Susan was the one supporting and promoting the cause of the Union.

She formed Women’s Loyal League to support the cause of women and extending protection to them. She also aided the administration of President Abraham Lincoln by her Women’s Loyal League. In the year 1866, Susan collaborated with Elizabeth Cady Station, Lucretia Mott and Lucy Stone to form the American Equal Rights Association. In the same year, the association started working in Kansas where Negro suffrage and women’s suffrage were to be decided by the majority and the no of popular votes. They worked day and night to spread awareness and gain the votes in favor of the women.

In 1868, Susan Anthony and Elizabeth Candy Station founded a political weekly newspaper, The Revolution. In this newspaper, they promoted women doing different jobs, advocated the idea of equal-pay-equal-work and did spread launch general awareness programs. In 1869, Susan with her old friend Elizabeth formed a new organization called the National Women Suffrage Association. This association objurgated the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments that were brutally against the women and they regarded those amendments as conspicuous and strident injustice to the cause and rights of women.

This organization also recommended easy divorce and to put an end to the discrimination between the employment and payment of men and women if they were doing equal amount of work. Susan Anthony travelled throughout the country supporting women and increasing awareness on women’s rights. She made more than 170 speeches in a year for this campaign. Apart from all these vibrant aspects of her personality there is another ravishing shade to her personality. She was a historian as well, and along with Elizabeth Cady Station and Matilda Joslyn Gage, collected and brought out the four-volume book, The History of Women Suffrage(1881-1902)