Roman World

The surrounding topography and landscape was complemented by each of the facades of the villa. Hence, the width of the steps and retaining walls has found various variations in these facades. Thus, the asymmetry of the landscape has been allowed by the symmetry of the architecture. In this regard, a seemingly symmetrical whole has been created by this phenomenon. A panoramic vision of trees, woods, and meadows is the landscape, while having a distant vision of city of the Vicenza on the horizon.

The termination of a straight carriage that usually drives in from the principal gates has been done by setting of the north-west portico onto the hill. In 1591, this carriageway was built by the Capra brothers between the service blocks, which work as an avenue in the villa. In the same year, Vincenzo Scamozzi was commissioned for completion of the villa with the construction of agricultural buildings, and increasing the range of staff in the villa. The villa was built in such a way that a feeling and sense of increment from a less worthy place to a high temple was felt by the person, by whom the villa is approached from this angle.

In reverse, the classical chapel that is on the edge of Vicenza city is highlighted from the villa. Thus, we can say that the town of Vicenza and the Villa Rotonda or Villa Capra ‘La Rotonda’ was united in this way. In the present time, Mario di Valmarana is enjoying the ownership of the Villa Capra, who is a famous Italian architect, and has researched on many works of the Palladio and other various architects of the first half of the centuries. The University of Virginia was also employing him as the former professor of architecture since 1973.

For more than two centuries, his family has enjoyed this villa as their family home. In this regard, this villa has received many efforts by this professor and expert, for its preservation and restoration, so that, future generations may appreciate this dignified and unique architectural and structural design of the Roman Empire. In this regard, the public is allowed to visit the interior on specific days. However, the open spaces and grounds are opened for the visitors every day.

Likewise, the Hadrian’s Villa, the Villa Capra ‘La Rotonda’ receives a very high number of tourists from various parts of the world. It has received a significant response from the architects around the world, who visit this villa and appreciate the structural designs, interior and exterior. The quality of building materials that has been used in the construction of the villa, even without the availability of the present-time high-tech equipments and resources has also gained a high response by the architects and experts.

Conclusively, we have tried to understand, compare, and contrast the two architectural, cultural, archaeological, and structural villas of the ancient history of the Italy. Now, we can say that it has a significant importance in the architectural world, due to its valuable assets of the ancient villas and various other beautifully built buildings, which tends the viewer to appreciate and praise the work that has been done by the Emperors of the Italian history and their architects.


Alexander Gordon McKay. (1998). Houses, Villas, and Palaces in the Roman World. Johns Hopkins University Press. Fiske Kimball. (1918). A History of Architecture. Harper & Brothers. Marina De Franceschini. (1991). Villa Adriana, mosaici, pavimenti, edifici. Joseph C. Farber. (1980). Palladio’s Architecture and its Influence. Courier Dover Publications. William L. MacDonald, John A. Pinto. (1997). Hadrian’s Villa and Its Legacy. Yale University Press.