In an era when state driven terrorism and counter terrorism methods are well established norm of the world it is important to find solace in the preaching of non-violence. It was the fruitful practice of Mohandas Gandhi in India during the early and mid 20th Century and the legacy was carried on by personalities like Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela during the later half of the century. These were the acts of courage without violence and power without bullets.
The reason behind choosing the Civil rights Movement in this context is that this movement became a wide spread progress in the context of human rights issues and covered a huge population covering two continents. -Hypothesis The main objective of this paper would be to focus on social movements that seek to counter injustice. As an example the best possible subject would be the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s and 1980’s as this would serve as the conceptual and strategic model of the main objective.
Alongside, variations in definitions of social and racial justice and strategy would be looked upon. Furthermore, the impact of the Civil Rights Movement on other social movements in United States and abroad would also be considered. Moreover it would look after to enumerate the consequences of these movements with the incorporation of the successes and failures modes of the Civil Rights Movement and all these would be examined in detail.
(Brunner, 2006) The subject of civil rights movement is taken into consideration to establish the fact that the mass has the power and ability to obtain justice amidst injustice without the intervention of any sort of violence. -Theoretical perspective The initial point of discussion would be based on the parameter of the Perspectives on justice. In this part we would formulate the definition and nature of social justice.
Furthermore, it would be enumerated about the probable meanings it have for various contingents of the Civil Rights Movement. The next phase of discussion would be pointed towards the Strategies for social change. Here the motions would be places by the use of a three fold arguments that would deal with tactics employed by various factions (i. e. , SCLC, SNCC, Black Power) of the Civil Rights Movement, other probable social movements and their relevance and usefulness in today’s world. (Sen, 2001)
Religion would be taken into consideration where Catholic and feminist views of social justice (Iglesias, 1) and social action, and their contributions to movements for social change would be enumerated. This phase would be divided into four phases. The first phase would be dealing with the role of religion in the Civil Rights and other social movements and the second phase would deal with the role of women in the Civil Rights Movement; the influence of the Civil Rights Movement, and the role of women of color in the Women’s Movement.
The third phase would enumerate the influence of youth in this movement. Similarly the fourth phase would deal with the involvement of the role of women of color in the Women’s Movement. The next part of this paper would incorporate the Symbolic expressions of justice or in other words the basic and intricate influence of different mediums like music, art, literature and fashion in the Civil Rights Movement.
The next focal point of the paper would be dealing with the influence of the Civil Rights Movement on other U. S. social movements, including the Antiwar Movement, American Indian Movement (AIM), Women’s Movement, sexual orientation related movements like the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual or Transgender (GLBT) Movement (Nguyen, 1999) and last of all the Green peace movement (Iyer, 1) and the Animal Rights Movement. It would also be looked after that the end results of these movements are also enumerated or in other word the successes or failures of these Civil Rights Movements would also be considered along with the contemporary justice issues for African Americans and other minorities.
Additionally there would be a discussion on the applicability of Civil Rights Movement strategies today. Lastly the conclusion would be targeted towards our own responsibility for defining justice and acting on injustice. Thus it would be possible to develop an academic understanding on the social movements that seek to counter injustice with a theoretical approach to revel the actual effects, affects, influences and results of these movements.
(Roy, 2001) However, the focal point of attention would always be on the aspects of the Civil Rights Movement. -Review of literature It can be mentioned that history helps out us to identify ourselves, recognize who we are and be acquainted with the origin where we come from in the context of civil rights movement and to understand this perspective books like Madhav’s Effective Measures in Thinking, Deb’s Introduction to Revolutions, Bandura’s Social-economic Learning Theory and Dos’s Civil Rights Movements: A History would be extremely helpful.
We over and over again shrink back from hearing about our chronological times of yore for the reason that so much of it is excruciating and proofs of these element can be well documented from the texts by Fletcher’s Human Principals: Beliefs and Knowledge; Believing and Knowing, Sen’s Difference between Thinking and Acting in Sociology, Lamb’s Cult to Culture: The Development of Civilization on the Strategic Strata and Berkowitz’s Social Aggression: Its Causes, Consequences, and Control.
Since the beginning of time till today several people all over the globe are incessantly struggling for securing their civil rights and books like Border’s Fire of the Mind, Stainton’s International Social Measures: A Critical Agenda, Mukherjee’s International Political Strategies and Principals or Kar’s History of Industrial Economics and Related Applications would provide us with enough data to work on the suggested hypothesis.
In this context all the four ethnic groups acted in a similar manner to achieve their sense of dignity and establish their self respect in the greater perspective of the nation. Details of these movements can be summarized from the basic four books on the subject viz. Cook’s Being Personal: The Family Showcase, Dollard’s Aggression in Rights, Roberts’ Outline of Global Political Culture and Roy’s Birth of Thought: The Evolving Intelligence.