Just like in domestic religious violence, many people are denied the right to relate and marry persons of their choice. The racial, cultural and religious discriminations bar people from in the family from marrying and interacting from certain places. People get killed or forced out of their homes simply because of marrying from other tribes, races or tribes. In other situations the victims are overtly treated with discrimination consequently suffering psychologically.
Among some religious groups, young people of opposite sexes are not allowed to interact together and if found they bear heavy punishment. Ladies are banished from their homes or even killed if they become pregnant out of wedlock. FEMLE GENITAL MUTILATION Female genital mutilation is being practiced in many cultures despise the much activism to crate awareness against it. It has refused to die away because of its cultural value as a rite of passage. Many cultures carry out FGM without considering the many risks the victims face.
They are subjected to much pain, loss of blood, which may lead to anemia and risk contracting HIV/AIDS through shared knives. The scar left after FGM leads to a lot of pain during child bearing for ladies. In addition those who undergo his abuse lose their sexual drive hence leading to marital problems. This is the only abuse that has a double problem of being gender discriminative because it is inflicted on females only. CAUSES OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE There are many different theories as to the causes of domestic violence.
These include psychological theories that consider personality traits and mental characteristics of the offender, as well as social theories which consider external factors in the offender’s environment, such as family structure, stress, social learning. As with many phenomena regarding human experience, no single approach appears to cover all cases. However these causes can be classified into cultural, economic, religious, legal, gender and sex, social and political reasons. CULTURAL REASONS Many cultures belief in the inherent superiority of men over women and children.
They are placed in a higher social class than women and children hence they look down upon them. The power to control the family lies exclusively on their hand hence any perceived mistake from a woman or child is met with violence. In some relationships, violence arises out of a perceived need for power and control, a form of bullying and social learning of abuse. Abusers’ efforts to dominate their partners or children have been attributed to low self-esteem or feelings of inadequacy, unresolved childhood conflicts, the stress of poverty, hostility and resentment toward women.
Most authorities seem to agree that abusive personalities result from a combination of several factors, to varying degrees. ‘All domestic abuse relates to men’s capacity for and their need to, devalue women and view them in negative ways’ (Dukes). Domestic violence can also be viewed as a strategy to gain or maintain power and control over the victim. This view is in alignment with Bancroft’s “cost-benefit” theory that abuse rewards the perpetrator in ways other than, or in addition to, simply exercising power over his or her target(s).