Trauma inducing and crisis triggering situations have spiraled its occurrence and in its primacy in the US and in many other countries in recent years (file:///D:/Documents%20and%20Settings/alan/My%20Documents/CRISIS/index_DMHIntroduction%20CRISIS. htm). Its broad spectrum ranges from the national disaster category such as that of Hurricane Katrina or the 911 terrorist strikes in New York, Spain and England, to private instances such as a loved one’s attempt at suicide, the murder of a spouse or child, the beginning of mental illness, and the worsening situation of domestic violence (Teller et al, 2006).
The acute crisis episode is a consequence of people who experience life-threatening events and feel overwhelmed with difficulty resolving the inner conflicts or anxiety that threaten their lives. They seek the help of counselors, paramedics and other health workers in crisis intervention centers to tide them over the acute episodes they are encountering. These are defining moments for people and must be adequately addressed else they lead lives with dysfunctional conduct patterns or disorders (Roberts et al, 2006).
What is the biblical model for crisis intervention? Author, theologian, and Pastor Dr. Charles Swindoll offers three fundamental answers to individuals in the upshot of a series of terrible circumstances. This is illustrated in the life of Job as found in the Old Testament in Job 38 – 42. Swindoll elaborates, that “Job claimed God’s loving sovereignty, counted on the promise of resurrection, and confessed his own lack of understanding.
” It is the right of God to rule over the lives of people and the acceptance of this sovereignty “laced” with His love is one key towards wholeness of being (p. 34). Secondly, it is the hope that there is a resurrection someday that fuels or energizes a person in trauma to redirect his focus from the present pain to the future hope that helps the individual endure all adversities. With the resurrection, loved ones will soon again meet and that the pain, death and sorrows are after all temporary events (p.35).
And thirdly, the relief it brings that it is not necessary to understand or comprehend everything in life is one way of release from bearing the ”burden” one faces in the midst of the crisis (Swindoll, 1985, p. 36). An integration of biblical or scriptural guidelines and scientific basis is offered to envisage the “interrelationship” between the Minister and psychological knowledge (Rowan, 1997). It is best shown in the following diagram.
Using the diagram in the preceding page, a treatment plan is developed after the initial assessment by the therapist upon the recommendation of the minister or trained counselor. Preliminary intervention can be implemented immediately. The treatment plan may include all the church’s services developed for the members and attenders should the need arises (file:///D:/Documents%20and%20Settings/alan/My%20Documents/CRISIS/therapiesCRISIS. htm).
This may comprise the church-sponsored outline on Freedom Ministry that enables the client to commence a journey on spiritual freedom or implementing an adaptation on the “steps to freedom in Christ. ” It is also to bear in mind that these necessary steps are towards the vital end is the client’s restoration to health in the spiritual and psychological arenas (Anderson et al, 2000, p. 317). What are the steps that are taken for effective crisis intervention?