Pornography has possibly a very long history. Nude human beings and sexual activities are depicted in some paleolithic art. There are numerous pornographic paintings on the walls of ruined Roman buildings in Pompeii. The Chandela temples of Khajuraho in central India contain stunningly explicit sexual sculptures. However it is not certain that the purpose was sexual arousal, the images may have had instead a spiritual significance. Sexual behavior, like other kinds of social activity, is generally governed by rules of etiquette which are culturally specific and vary widely.
The word “pornography” derives from Greek pornographos -, writing about prostitutes (from ????? + ??????? ; akin to Greek pernanai to sell, poros journey). Now it means the depiction of erotic behavior (as in pictures or writing) intended to cause sexual excitement or material (as books or a photograph) that depicts erotic behavior and is intended to cause sexual excitement. The same material could be accepted as erotic or pornographic in various cultures. The term pornography was a made-up word coined in England about 1850.
There is no evidence that anyone at that time, or earlier, was writing about prostitutes per se except as they figured as characters in written erotica of that epoch. It quickly came to mean writing about anything sexual, especially in a base manner, when the creation, presentation, or consumption of the material was for sexual stimulation. Martial, Catullus, Juvenal, and Suetonius occasionally employ obscene satire, these items rarely resemble “pornography” in the modern sense of the word: graphic depictions of sexual activity designed specifically for the arousal of the audience.
Nor would certain works by Chaucer, Boccaccio, and Marguerite of Navarre qualify. The Italian writer Pietro Aretino, famous for his whore dialogues, is generally considered the founding father of modern pornography, but even his works are dramatically different from their modern descendants. One of the most famous writers of obscene literature in seventeenth century England was John Wilmot, second Earl of Rochester (1647-80). Also notorious for his libertinism, Rochester wrote poetry that was intended solely for the small aristocratic circle in which he moved and not for the general public.
Danish criminologist Berl Kutchinsky traces the beginnings of of modern pornography to the 1650s, when three pornographic classics appeared: La Puttana Errante (The Wayward Prostitute), L’Ecole des Filles (Girls School), and Satya. Translated into all the major languages, these novels became the models for all later pornographic books and movies. Little has changed in porn over the past 350 years as an examination of these works shows.
Themes of lesbianism, sodomy, seduction, multiple copulation, flagellation and sadism dominate, writes Kutchinsky, “as well as total amorality, a disregard for artistic merit, an absence of affection or other emotions, flimsy plots, stereotyped characterizations, monotonous repetitiousness, and a constant exaggeration of sexual interest, energy and potency. ” Today, sexually explicit material designed to induce sexual arousal is generally referred to as pornography. Porn has generated a booming entertainment industry. This industry caters to our wildest fantasies and depicts sex in as many different ways as we can imagine.
On the World Wide Web alone, 10,000 porn sites generate $1 billion annually. 39 new porn sites are added everyday. Today we discovered that pornography could be object of addiction. But what we know about porn addiction? Porn addiction: decursus morbi and perspectives Addiction is a term used to describe an uncontrollable compulsion to repeat a behavior regardless of its negative consequences. We distinguish physical addictions and psychological addictions. Physical addictions represent a dependency of the body to a substance, and lead to physical withdrawal symptoms in its absence.
Physical addictions require an addictive substance in order to form. Psychological addictions are a dependency of the mind, and lead to psychological withdrawal symptoms. Psychological addictions can theoretically form for any rewarding behavior, but typically only do so in individuals with emotional, social, or psychological dysfunctions, taking the place of normal positive stimuli not otherwise attained. The distinction between the two kinds of addictions, however, is not always easy to make. Addictions often have both physical and psychological components. But PORN ADDICTION is true psychological dependency.